June 29, 2019

Ceftazadime

Azer's new inhaled antibiotic has taken a little learning. An exact amount of saline has to be withdrawn by needle and mixed with Ceftazadime powder. Then, a different amount has to be drawn from the Ceftaz vial and inhaled at the end of his breathing treatment. The doctor was right, this stuff does smell similar to cat pee. Azer says it tastes awful, and he has to use a nose clip and a mint to get through it. 

We all really hope this will finally kill the Steno! 

June 26, 2019

CPT, The Vest and IPV

So, January of last year, I posted about our Respiratory therapist bringing up whether Azer tried the Hill-rom vest before.  I realized today I had never followed up with a post about whether anything came of it.

It seems most people in the US who have CF ended up with the Hill-rom vest. Back when Azer was sized for a vest, the only one he was big enough for at that time was the vest by Electromed. Nothing against that particular vest (what works for one person with CF may not work for another), but it never seemed to work for him. He would never cough or bring up mucus, ever. So all these years, I have been doing manual, hand CPT. It was helpful when my husband began helping me with CPT, as it lightened the load. We invested in a massage table that could adjust in height to make it more comfortable to stand for long periods of time. We also bought plastic ramps that helped him lay at a decline for autogenic draining.



Doing manual CPT is very effective for Azer, but it can be physically exhausting for us, and also sometimes it is uncomfortable for Azer, especially if he is sick and his chest and lungs are sore. 



We also do assisted exhales (Azer likes these). As CF creates obstructions than can be difficult to move by huff coughs alone, these help him bring up some of the bigger mucus plugs. 
So, last year when our RT brought up the possibility of trying out a different vest on a trial basis, I thought, what do we have to lose? Our RT put the call in, and soon a nurse came to our home and showed Azer how to use it. Within seconds of him putting on the vest and turning it on, he began to bring up mucus. We were both so surprised. After so many years of trying to get his old vest to work using every setting it had, here he was effortlessly bringing up mucus. 


What a weight off our shoulders! We were now able to leave the house and not worry about getting back in time to do a half an hour of manual CPT. Azer felt more independent and confident that he could do his breathing treatments on his own. He was also able to leave on youth trips and sleep overs for the first time, knowing he would be to get effective mucus clearance without depending on us. He can get consistent breathing treatments over 4x a day when he's sick without worrying about putting a huge strain on time and our physical abilities. 



It took some time, but eventually our insurance told us it would be paid in full! 

Last summer, when Azer was admitted, he was able to try out the IPV for the first time.  The IPV (Intrapulmonary Percussive Ventilator) works like a powerful nebulizer, and pushes percussion air into the lungs. He liked it a lot, so while we were admitted, we asked about the possibility of getting one for home use. This can be incredibly difficult to get insurance to pay for one. It can also come with an increased risk of getting a lung bleed, due to it being quite aggressive. The machines for home use aren't nearly as strong as the ones used in the hospital, so they are safer. 



The company that we were supposed to get the IPV from informed us that we wouldn't find out IF the insurance company would cover it until we received the machine and started using it. I felt that it would be sad that Azer would receive the machine, and benefit from it, but then we would possibly need to send it back if the insurance company wouldn't pay for it. I went ahead and said yes, despite the risk. Our RT and the company said they would fight for us to keep it if we were denied. 

Azer used the machine for several months, and really liked it. He would use his vest in the morning, and the IPV at night. One day, the tubing started leaking air around where it connected to the machine. The tubing typically is replaced every 6 months. When I looked at the tubing closer (it's also called the circuit) I noticed mold had been growing in it! Azer was annoyed when he saw it, and said, "great, so it's basically been pushing moldy air into my lungs". I called the company to see how we could get a new circuit. Since the insurance had been continually denying the machine, they wouldn't pay for the circuit either. The company told me that the replacement circuit would be $500. I told them I could not afford this, so unfortunately, Azer was unable to continue to use the machine. 

At our next CF appointment, we told the RT what had happened. She had an idea to try out another medical supply company. It took quite a few months, and a LOT of work on her end, but eventually one day the new company called us and brought a new IPV machine over. 



The machine itself is much lighter and comes inside this cool carrying bag. The circuit is much less complicated, as it only has two tubes. 




The handset is also very different. It is a new style, and we noticed on Azer's most recent admission that they are using this handset in the hospital as well. Azer says this IPV isn't has strong as the one in the hospital, nor is it as strong as his previous IPV machine, but it still moves the mucus out. 

So far, it seems like the insurance company is willing to pay for this IPV machine!

June 25, 2019

Sick CF Clinic Visit

Everything had been going great, and we thought we had the summer to relax a little after doing IV antibiotics. He felt great and sounded clear.

Sunday morning, he suddenly sounded a little congested. Within hours, he spiked a fever and was suddenly coughing up brown/rust colored mucus. The CF doctor on call suggested perhaps it was transiet, but to bring him to the ER if his fever got any higher. He took some ibuprofen and the fever broke later in the evening. Yesteday, he was still coughing up some dark mucus, but seemed to feel better. Today, Azer said his legs don't hurt, but they feel uncomfortable, and he has a headache.



At clinic today they did a virus swab to see if he picked up a virus somewhere. He gained several pounds from last week. His lung function was down slightly. His lung culture from last week found that the Steno is now resistant to Levofloxin. In order to treat it, he will have to be on an inhaled antibiotic for a month. The doctor warned us that the nebulized antibiotic smells like cat pee (awesome). They put in an order for a CT scan for in a few weeks. The doctor said if they tried to do a CT scan right now, radiology wouldn't be able to tell if he has fungus spores or not because of the increased mucus.

It will take some time to receive the inhaled antibiotics since they have to come from a special pharmacy. Azer is currently laying in bed not feeling well...

Update: Azer's virus panel came back negative for all viruses, so his symptoms are from bacteria and/or fungus. He was also told not to use his IPV while he is coughing up brown or red mucus, just in case he is having a slow lung bleed.

June 17, 2019

Follow Up Admission CF Clinic

Azer has been working hard this week. To try to avoid his dressing coming off from sweating, he has been riding the exercise bike everyday instead of running. 


We did bend the rules a little bit. He actually rode his bike while hooked up to the medicine ball IV.
Medicine Infusion balls make IVs at home easier

Today marked one full week on home IV's and a complete 14 days on IV antibiotics. Azer ran this morning to help make his lungs as clear as possible. He was disappointed to see his numbers were lower than when he was discharged. He says his lungs feel completely clear. He sounds clearer than he has in a long time. The doctor said it was probably time for a good clear out of the two bacteria he normally cultures. She explained in a little more detail about the ABPA test and his high IGE. It is possible that he does have Aspergillus growing somewhere in his lungs. She said at his next CF appointment, if his PFT's continue to fall, we will start an antifungal medication. In the mean time, she will do some more research to see if an allergy shot specifically made to lower IGE levels will help him. 

The good news is he put on 5 more pounds since being discharged. He has been eating well lately. 

Both Azer and the doctor felt like he had gotten the full benefits from the two antibiotics he has gotten these past two weeks, so he was able to have his PICC line pulled today. He can stop the Reglan and go back to taking his EES and Probiotics! 



Summer can finally start for him now!


June 10, 2019

Tentatively Discharged




Azer did his second PFT since he got here, and it was a little higher than last week's. He was annoyed that it wasn't significantly higher given that he had just done a breathing treatment and he felt really clear.

Azer's ABPA and Aspergillus test finally came back, and it looks negative for the most part, but the Pulmonologist said his IGE is still high, and there were particulates of aspergillus antibiodies evident. I'm not exactly sure what that all means, but she said basically we will go home continuing the IV antibiotics. At CF clinic, if his PFTs decline, they will do a CT scan to get a definitive conclusion of if he has ABPA nor not. If it turns out he does, he will either be readmitted or start a course of antifungal through his PICC line. 



Now begins operation "Hospital at Home" featuring Azer's mom as resporitory therapist, pharmacist, nurse, physical therapist and more! 😆